Georgia uses the edition of this code adopted in and NC uses adopted the version adopted in We do projects in both states so I am keenly aware of differences in these two codes. Significantly the width and interpretation of what a "U-shaped kitchen" is in the "Dwelling Units" chapter. There are other differences as well regarding roll-in showers, etc. We want to be compliant but also need to use the code as it is intended and the proper interpretation for each jurisdiction. We would want to apply the newer code when the changes are "clarifications" to what was intended all along, but not necessarily when the newer code applies to real "changes" to the code.
These differences in the reasons behind the editions are not indicated so often we are stuck without knowing how to proceed without applying the most strict interpretation that we have ever read. To compound this many projects that we do also have to comply with UFAS which has contradictory information as well often time the 18" CL min form a wall to a toilet is indicated as a, 18" max.
We know when more than one code applies that we should apply the most strict one, but which is more strict; having the toilet closer to the wall or farther away? FYI-these are residential apartments. Joined: Oct 25, Messages: 10, Likes Received: Most restrictve. JBI Sawhorse.
Joined: Oct 17, Messages: 2, Likes Received: As a Code Official you must administer and enforce the Codes and Standards as adopted by the jurisdiction. Not knowing which side of the counter you are on makes the answer difficult. Light switches, electrical outlets, thermostats and other environmental controls in accessible locations. Requirement 6. Reinforced walls in bathrooms for later installation of grab bars. Requirement 7. Usable kitchens and bathrooms.
These requirements are stated in the Fair Housing Act, as amended, 42 U. The Guidelines are one of eight safe harbors for compliance that HUD has identified. Why isn't there one uniform accessibility standard for compliance with the Fair Housing Act's design and construction requirements? Congress did not provide statutory authority for one national uniform set of accessibility standards. Although one uniform accessibility standard is desirable, there are many ways for buildings to be built to be accessible.
Preamble to the Guidelines, 56 FR , , March 6, HUD recognizes ten safe harbors for compliance with the design and construction requirements of the Fair Housing Act. If a property is built to some standard other than one of the safe harbors, can it still comply with the Fair Housing Act's access requirements? HUD said in the Introduction to the Accessibility Guidelines, "builders and developers may choose to depart from these guidelines and seek alternate ways to demonstrate that they have met the requirements of the Fair Housing Act. Fair Housing Act Design Manual, page This standard is intended for adoption by government agencies and by organizations setting model codes to achieve uniformity in the technical design criteria in building codes and other regulations.
This document does not address existing facilities unless altered at the discretion of a covered entity. The Department of Justice has authority over existing facilities that are subject to the requirement for removal of barriers under title III of the ADA. Any determination that this document applies to existing facilities subject to the barrier removal requirement is solely within the discretion of the Department of Justice and is effective only to the extent required by regulations issued by the Department of Justice.
The technical requirements are based on adult dimensions and anthropometrics. In addition, this document includes technical requirements based on children's dimensions and anthropometrics for drinking fountains, water closets, toilet compartments, lavatories and sinks, dining surfaces, and work surfaces. The specifications in these guidelines are based upon adult dimensions and anthropometrics. The technical criteria in this standard are based on adult dimensions and anthropometrics. Nothing in these requirements prevents the use of designs, products, or technologies as alternatives to those prescribed, provided they result in substantially equivalent or greater accessibility and usability.
Departures from particular technical and scoping requirements of this guideline by the use of other designs and technologies are permitted where the alternative designs and technologies used will provide substantially equivalent or greater access to and usability of the facility. Nothing in this standard is intended to prevent the use of designs, products, or technologies as alternatives to those prescribed by this standard, provided they result in equivalent or greater accessibility and such equivalency is approved by the administrative authority adopting this standard.
The provisions of this code are not intended to prevent the installation of any material or to prohibit any design or method of construction not specifically prescribed by this code, provided that any such alternative has been approved. An alternative material, design or method of construction shall be approved where the building official finds that the proposed design is satisfactory and complies with the intent of the provisions of this code, and that the material, method or work offered is, for the purpose intended, at least the equivalent of that prescribed in this code in quality, strength, effectiveness, fire resistance, durability and safety.
Graphic conventions are shown in Table 1. Dimensions that are not marked minimum or maximum are absolute, unless otherwise indicated in the text or captions. NOTE: Table 1 describes graphic conventions for showing dimensions on figures between boundary and element lines, how the direction of approach is denoted, centerline designation and boundary of clear floor area.
ICC/ANSI A - Accessible and Useable Buildings and Facilities
All dimensions are shown in inches above the measure line, with the metric equivalent below. Where the dimension does not fit conveniently between lines, the measure line is extended beyond the lines and the dimension placed above and below the extension. ANSI Where specific criteria of this standard differ from the general criteria of this standard, the specific criteria shall apply.
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Dimensions that are not stated as "maximum" or "minimum" are absolute. All dimensions are subject to conventional building industry tolerances for field conditions. All dimensions are subject to conventional industry tolerances. All dimensions are subject to conventional industry tolerances except where the requirement is stated as a range with specific minimum and maximum end points. Where the required number of elements or facilities to be provided is determined by calculations of ratios or percentages and remainders or fractions result, the next greater whole number of such elements or facilities shall be provided.
Where the determination of the required size or dimension of an element or facility involves ratios or percentages, rounding down for values less than one half shall be permitted. Unless specifically stated otherwise, figures are provided for informational purposes only.
Unless specifically stated, figures included herein are provided for informational purposes only and are not considered part of the standard. The text of these guidelines does not contain notes or footnotes. Additional information, explanations, and advisory materials are located in the Appendix. Paragraphs marked with an asterisk have related, nonmandatory material in the Appendix.
In the Appendix, the corresponding paragraph numbers are preceded by an A. Denotes a specification that applies only when the conditions described are present. The standards listed in The Director of the Federal Register has approved these standards for incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U. For information on the availability of this material at NARA, call , or go to archives.
The codes and standards referenced in this code shall be considered part of the requirements of this code to the prescribed extent of each such reference. Where differences occur between provisions of this code and referenced codes and standards, the provisions of this code shall apply. The specific edition of the standards listed below are referenced in this document. Where differences occur between this document and the referenced standards, this document applies.
Chapter 35 This chapter lists the standards that are referenced in various sections of this document. The standards are listed herein by the promulgating agency of the standard, the standard identification, the effective date and title, and the section or sections of this document that reference the standard.
The application of the referenced standards shall be as specified in Section ASME A Copies of the referenced standards may be obtained from the National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, Massachusetts , www. For the purpose of this document, the terms defined in The following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this chapter and as used elsewhere in this code, have the meanings shown herein. Terms not defined in Transportation to implement the Americans with Disabilities Act, but specifically defined in a referenced standard, shall have the specified meaning from the referenced standard unless otherwise stated.
Where terms are not defined in this code and are defined in the International Fuel Gas Code, International Fire Code , International Mechanical Code or International Plumbing Code, such terms shall have the meanings ascribed to them as in those codes. Terms specifically defined in a referenced standard, and not defined in this section, shall have the specified meaning from the referenced standard.
The meaning of terms not specifically defined in Where terms are not defined through the methods authorized by this section, such terms shall have ordinarily accepted meanings such as the context implies. Words, terms and phrases used in the singular include the plural and those used in the plural include the singular. Words used in the present tense include the future; words stated in the masculine gender include the feminine and neuter; the singular number includes the plural and the plural, the singular.
Access Aisle. An accessible pedestrian space between elements, such as parking spaces, seating, and desks, that provides clearances appropriate for use of the elements. A site, building, facility, or portion thereof that complies with this part. Describes a site, building, facility, or portion thereof that complies with these guidelines. A site, building, facility or portion thereof that complies with this chapter.
Accessible Element. An element specified by these guidelines for example, telephone, controls, and the like. Accessible Means of Egress. A continuous and unobstructed way of egress travel from any point in a building or facility that provides an accessible route to an area of refuge, a horizontal exit, or a public way. A continuous and unobstructed way of egress travel from any point in a building or facility that provides an accessible route to an area of refuge, a horizontal exit or a public way. Accessible Route. A continuous unobstructed path connecting all accessible elements and spaces of a building or facility.
Interior accessible routes may include corridors, floors, ramps, elevators, lifts, and clear floor space at fixtures. Exterior accessible routes may include parking access aisles, curb ramps, crosswalks at vehicular ways, walks, ramps, and lifts. A continuous, unobstructed path that complies with this chapter. The ability of certain building spaces and elements, such as kitchen counters, sinks, and grab bars, to be added or altered so as to accommodate the needs of individuals with or without disabilities or to accommodate the needs of persons with different types or degrees of disability.
An expansion, extension, or increase in the gross floor area or height of a building or facility. An expansion, extension, or increase in the gross floor area of a building or facility.
ANSI A117.1 (2003): Accessible and Usable Buildings and Facilities
An extension or increase in floor area or height of a building or structure. Administrative Authority. A governmental agency that adopts or enforces regulations and guidelines for the design, construction, or alteration of buildings and facilities. A change to a building or facility that affects or could affect the usability of the building or facility or portion thereof. Alterations include, but are not limited to, remodeling, renovation, rehabilitation, reconstruction, historic restoration, resurfacing of circulation paths or vehicular ways, changes or rearrangement of the structural parts or elements, and changes or rearrangement in the plan configuration of walls and full-height partitions.
Normal maintenance, reroofing, painting or wallpapering, or changes to mechanical and electrical systems are not alterations unless they affect the usability of the building or facility. An alteration is a change to a building or facility made by, on behalf of, or for the use of a public accommodation or commercial facility, that affects or could affect the usability of the building or facility or part thereof. Alterations include, but are not limited to, remodeling, renovation, rehabilitation, reconstruction, historic restoration, changes or rearrangement of the structural parts or elements, and changes or rearrangement in the plan configuration of walls and full-height partitions.
Any construction or renovation to an existing structure other than repair or addition. Amusement Attraction. Any facility, or portion of a facility, located within an amusement park or theme park which provides amusement without the use of an amusement device. Amusement attractions include, but are not limited to, fun houses, barrels, and other attractions without seats. Amusement Ride. A system that moves persons through a fixed course within a defined area for the purpose of amusement. Amusement Ride Seat. A seat that is built-in or mechanically fastened to an amusement ride intended to be occupied by one or more passengers.
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Area of Rescue Assistance. An area, which has direct access to an exit, where people who are unable to use stairs may remain temporarily in safety to await further instructions or assistance during emergency evacuation. Area of Sport Activity. That portion of a room or space where the play or practice of a sport occurs. Assembly Area. A building or facility, or portion thereof, used for the purpose of entertainment, educational or civic gatherings, or similar purposes.
For the purposes of these requirements, assembly areas include, but are not limited to, classrooms, lecture halls, courtrooms, public meeting rooms, public hearing rooms, legislative chambers, motion picture houses, auditoria, theaters, playhouses, dinner theaters, concert halls, centers for the performing arts,. A room or space accommodating a group of individuals for recreational, educational, political, social, civic, or amusement purposes, or for the consumption of food and drink.
Assembly Group A occupancy includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or a portion thereof, for the gathering together of persons for purposes such as civic, social or religious functions, recreation, food or drink consumption or awaiting transportation. A room or space used for assembly purposes by less than 50 persons and accessory to another occupancy shall be included as a part of that occupancy.
Assembly areas with less than square feet Assembly occupancies which are accessory to Group E in accordance with Section Religious educational rooms and religious auditoriums which are accessory to churches in accordance with Section An amplification system utilizing transmitters, receivers, and coupling devices to bypass the acoustical space between a sound source and a listener by means of induction loop, radio frequency, infrared, or direct-wired equipment.
Automatic Door. A door equipped with a power-operated mechanism and controls that open and close the door automatically upon receipt of a momentary actuating signal. The switch that begins the automatic cycle may be a photoelectric device, floor mat, or manual switch see p ower-assisted door. Boarding Pier. A portion of a pier where a boat is temporarily secured for the purpose of embarking or disembarking.
Boat Launch Ramp. A sloped surface designed for launching and retrieving trailered boats and other water craft to and from a body of water.
Boat Slip. That portion of a pier, main pier, finger pier, or float where a boat is moored for the purpose of berthing, embarking, or disembarking. Any structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or occupancy. Any structure used and intended for supporting or sheltering any use or occupancy. Catch Pool. A pool or designated section of a pool used as a terminus for water slide flumes.